Marcel Duchamp was the godfather of virtually all the significant artists of the 20th century.
His artistic provocations, including the sculpture "Fountain", gave art a new meaning and created the opportunity for new styles.
Duchamp wanted art to serve reason, not "retina." He questioned the very concept of art and the adoration of art.
Марсель Дюшан является крестным отцом фактически всех значительных художников 20-го века.
Его художественные провокации, в том числе со скульптурой «Фонтан», придали искусству новый смысл и создали возможность для появления новых стилей в искусстве 20-го века.
А еще Дюшан был «ротоманом» и мог подолгу смотреть на то, как вращается велосипедное колесо в его мастерской.
Дюшан хотел, чтобы искусство служило разуму, а не "сетчатке". Он подвергал сомнению само понятие искусства и обожание искусства.
"Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art. Duchamp is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Duchamp has had an immense impact on twentieth-century and twenty first-century art; and he had a seminal influence on the development of conceptual art. By World War I, he had rejected the work of many of his fellow artists (like Henri Matisse) as "retinal" art, intended only to please the eye. Instead, Duchamp wanted to use art to serve the mind.
Readymades of Marcel Duchamp
"Readymades" were found objects which Duchamp chose and presented as art. In
1913, Duchamp installed a Bicycle Wheel in his studio. However, the idea of
Readymades did not fully develop until 1915. The idea was to question the
very notion of Art, and the adoration of art, which Duchamp found "unnecessary".
My idea was to choose an object that would not attract me, either by its
beauty or by its ugliness. To find a point of indifference in my looking at
it, you see.
His Fountain, a urinal signed with the pseudonym "R. Mutt", shocked the art
world in 1917. Fountain was selected in 2004 as "the most influential
artwork of the 20th century" by 500 renowned artists and historians."